As we know, Indonesia has the biggest moslem citizen in the world. Even its bigger than the country which located in the Arabian area, an area which believe Islam came.
Here in Indonesia we have the famous Wali Sanga (songo in javanesse, means there are 9 of them). Wali is Arabic for “trusted one”, or “friend of God” (saint in this context). Each of them often attribute with the title of Sunan, or in this context means “honoured”. Most of the wali were also called as Raden during their lifetimes because they were members of royal houses. These are the Wali Sanga : Maulana Malik Ibrahim (Sunan Gresik), Sunan Ampel, Sunan Giri, Sunan Bonang, Sunan Drajat, Sunan Kudusm Sunan Kalijaga, Sunan Gunung Jati, and Sunan Muria.
These are three Sunan who famous among those nine
1. Sunan Kalijaga, born as Raden Mas Said in 1460. He was titled as Kalijaga from an orchard with the same name in Cirebon. In another story, Kalijaga came from Arabic “qadli dzaqa´which means holy leader.
Sunan Kalijaga among his missionary activities (da’wah) built two mosque, Masjid Agung Cirebon and Masjid Agung Demak which is famous with the timber architechture.
His famous legacy are artworks, shadow puppets, gamelan (javanesse traditional musical performance), Baju Takwa (traditional dress custom for Indonesian Moslem), Sekaten (a festivity), and Grebeg Maulud.
2. Sunan Kudus, born as Jaafar As-Sadiq, son of Sunan Ngudung and Syarifah. He is said to have originated the wayang golek, and founded the masjid at Kudus, which using the ddoors from the palace of Majapahit.
Sunan Kudus also compiled stories on tawhid into series and made the crowd became enthusiastic in listening to those stories. This is the Javanese version of 1001 Arabian Nights prior to The Book of One Thousand and One Nights during the Abassid Caliphate.
3. Sunan Murya, born as Raden Umar Said. He is the gradson of Maulana Ishak, anotable scholar from Pasai and also brother of Maulana Malik Ibrahim (Sunan Ampel). He has very close relationship with common people. He tend to spread his teaching in rural and remote areas including teaching local people in agriculture, fishery, and othe things. His name is used as the name of the nearby mountain, Mountain Muria.
When those Wali Sanga died, their graveyard become location of ziyarat (ziarah) or local pilgrimage in Java. The graves are also known as pundhen in Javanesse.